I’m sorry to do this to you, but your perception is wrong. This article is going to break your belief in British stereotypes.
Is England the land of Gentleman?
A lot of people have this idea that England is a land of gentleman. People who have not had much exposure to the British, think that England – aka Great Britain, is a land of tea drinking, tweed-wearing, gentlemen, carrying umbrellas or walking sticks and frequently quoting Shakespeare or Wordsworth.
There are people around the world that actually believe British people look like this:
You’ve been fooled…
I’m sorry to break it to you. But it was a big fat lie. There is no English gentleman. At least not anymore. It was all a myth to make people want to come here. We don’t have any industry anymore. Except for tourism. Hence our need to keep the myth of the English gentleman alive. So people will come here to try to look for him.
Ha ha ha, what suckers you are. Some people even think that the British are funny people. Ha ha… How do you say – ‘I am rolling around on the floor laughing!’ Oh, we have you all fooled.
Here is your real ‘English Gentleman’:
And here are some more ‘English Gentlemen on their way to a football game after church service.
And one of your ‘favourite ‘English Gentleman’:
By the way, do you notice how all three examples show men that have taken off their clothes? I’ll discuss that later.
England and Football (and British Hooliganism)
The UK and Football go together. Our most popular export is football. During the World Cup, the whole of Europe, and South America goes football crazy. Except for the North Americans with their strange sports called Baseball and American Football. Some North Americans even think that cricket is a type of insect… strange indeed.
Unfortunately, one of the UK’s greatest exports is also football hooliganism.
Whenever the national team goes abroad, a legion of fans follow, with the express purpose of excessive drinking, violence and destroying of property.
British football supporters have the worst reputation in Europe. If you think I am exaggerating, here are photos of some of our finest English gentlemen attending a football match abroad:
Violence begets violence
So what happens when group of people impose negative or aggressive behaviour on others? Eventually the people they put it on will return it in kind. Hence the meaning of the Gandhi expression –
An eye for an eye will turn the whole world blind
The New Breed of Russian Football Yobs
And so in 2016, europe saw a different breed of football hooligan.
Gone was the dominance of the pie n’ chips-eating, lager-drinking middle-aged men from England. Their era of galloping across Europe, terrorising Greek resorts was under threat. Their style of hooliganism – of getting drunk and then destroying small bars and restaurants was coming to an end – (wasn’t it just – oh so 1980’s) .
A new danger had emerged.
A muscled, toned, army of hooligans trained in combat, had emerged from Russia of all places. Their mission. To Seek and Destroy British football supporters. These were specially trained Russian Football hooligans called the ‘Ultras’.
Here are some pictures of them. Behold – the Russian ‘Ultras’
These ‘Ultra’s’ are reminiscent of the 1980s Arnold Schwarzenegger movie – Predator.
The Predator was a highly trained alien warrior designed to hunt and exterminate its human prey.
Indeed these Russian ultras are just like the predators of the Football world. Many of them even look like Arnie. And unlike the British hooligans who have trained their bodies on beer and pie, these Russian Ultras specifically trained their bodies with physical exercise and martial art fighting.
Here are some photos of their training:
Picture Source: Daily Mail Online. 14th June 2016. Thomas Burrows. Revealed: Russian thugs’ training ground where ‘Ultra’s were made to line up and attack each other to select the ‘best’ 150 to send to Euro 2016.
Meanwhile, the British football supporters were training back in the UK, ready for the upcoming 2016 Euro competition in Marseilles – France, with pie and beer…
Who would win in such a meeting? Safe money was on the Russians.
Europe 2016: The Final Countdown
The Ultras main target was ‘tha English’. So What happens when Predator meets Pie and Chips? Do you think, they put their differences aside and decided to actually enjoy watching the football? Hell no.
Here’s what happened.
A group of 150 “hyper rapid, hyper violent” Russian hooligans attacked Three Lions supporters in the French port city of Marseilles in 2016, in scenes which shocked the footballing world during the European Championships.
They threw chairs and beer bottles in violent battles the National Police Chiefs’ Council said were “on a scale we haven’t seen for many years”.
World Cup 2018 in Russia
In 2018, the World Cup was going to be held in Russia – Home of the ‘Ultra’. As expected, the Russians supporters were training hard for battle on their home ground.
In fact, when the Russian Ultra’s were returning to Russia after the Euro 2016 violence, it appeared that Putin may have sympathised with them.
At first, Russia’s president, Vladimir Putin, smirkingly questioned how 200 Russian supporters could see off “a few thousand Englishmen”.
However, as much as Putin was probably happy to see British yobs beaten up by Russians, even he couldn’t let a violence free-fest occur in Russia during the World Cup two years later. It would be too much bad press, even for Russia. So the Russian authorities clamped down on Football violence and there were no attacks. Lesson learnt perhaps.
According to Russian newspaper reports, in December 2016, more than 100 police officers and members of the FSB, Russia’s security service, raided hooligans’ homes.
Arrests duly followed, including that of Alexei Yerunov, the leader of the FC Lokomotiv firm Vikings, who had already spent several months in a French prison before returning to Russia.
In all, more than 200 hooligans have been issued with court orders banning them from football matches till the end of the World Cup.
And, I think there is a lesson learnable here. Stamp out the violence hard and discourage it. Or to quote the Bible – ‘Spare the rod, spoil the child’.
Mind you, during the world cup in Japan 2002, it was curious, but there was none of the same violence over there. From what I heard, a lot of the British football supporters were respectful and well-behaved.
Is it because, Japan is such a strongly civilised and well-behaved country, the visitors felt strongly pressured to behave themselves over there? Could it be that the spirit of Confucianism be-spirited the British football supporters into showing respectful behaviour?
Perhaps we will find out when Japan hosts their next World Cup. I sincerely hope we don’t allow our hooligans to go over there.
Or was it the Police?
I don’t think it’s about policing. In Europe, the police look like soldiers. But this doesn’t deter hooligans. Some of them can be quite rude too. But in Japan, the police look like normal human beings. You can easily approach them in their police kobans (small police boxes present in many towns) to ask for directions if you get lost.
By British standards, they would seem to be ‘soft touches’, but I don’t think that is the case. Japan has one of the safest societies and lowest crime levels in the World.
Respect for society
In my book, The Genki Self Health Guide, and in another article about vending machines, I touched on some social differences between Japanese and British people in regards to litter, graffiti and damage to property (links at end of this article).
I believe that a stronger sense of respect for society is fostered in the Japanese from an early age. Whereas in Britain, the opposite holds true.
The Japanese have a good reputation worldwide, for being polite, respectful and clean. Of course, there are exceptions, but many Japanese people sees themselves as ambassadors for their country. They don’t want people to look down on the whole of Japan because of their own personal actions. So they act with dignity and respect whenever they travel abroad. They also act politely and respectful towards each other in their own country.
Japan and Confucianism
Japan has a Confucian focused society, with principles based on respect for society and tradition. I think that somehow this Japanese attitude also influences people who visit Japan into behaving themselves. All except for Logan Paul.
Here is an example of how good behaviour can influence others. In the 2018 Russia World cup, some of the Japanese football supporters actually CLEANED the stadium after the match had ended:
Fastidious Japanese fans took a brief break from celebrating a historic and shock World Cup victory over Colombia to clean up rubbish discarded on the floor of the stadium, earning them praise and inspiring other nations to follow suit.
Following the unfancied side’s 2-1 victory over their South American opponents, the diligent fans were filmed putting plastic cups, bottles, cardboard and food waste left scattered below the stadium’s eye-catching acid orange seats into blue bin bags.
Japanese fans have a reputation for tidiness having previously stayed behind to clean up after themselves after a 2-1 defeat to Ivory Coast at the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.
And then, the Senegalese did the same, showing that they are infinitely more civilized and more gentlemanly than the British:
Meanwhile, in the day’s later kick-off, Senegal fans were also applauded for following the example set by Japan’s fans by cleaning up after their side’s 2-1 victory over Poland.
Why did the Japanese do this? Professor Scott North of Osaka University explained:
Work and the division of labour shapes modern Japanese society. It is a habit ingrained from childhood.
He explained that cleaning up after football matches is “an extension of basic behaviours that are taught in school, where the children clean their school classrooms and hallways”.
In many public schools, children do much of the cleaning at the end of each day, a 20-minute routine known as o-soji.
Picking up your litter (Gomi)
It is curious why many newspapers were surprised that the Japanese actually took time to clean up their litter at the end of the match. Even using words like “fastidious” – which carries a negative meaning and implies they are overly fussy.
Have we so lost the plot? Don’t we realise that picking up your own rubbish is perfectly civilised behaviour? I think the Japanese would have been even more surprised that we didn’t pick up ours. In fact, we drop it without a care.
Don’t we realise that this makes us barbarians? And the Japanese as gentlemen?
And the Senegalese too.
So whilst the British are trashing local restaurants, bars and streets after dropping copious amounts of trash during the match, the Japanese actually took time to clean up their trash after the match… And this was the same whether they won or lost… Incredible.
Why can’t it always be like that?
Well it can be.
By the way, take a look at some typical Japanese football supporters during the World Cup:
Or how about this girl?
Here’s an easy question:
If you had a choice between standing next to these guys at a football match or these girls, who would you choose?
Yes. Definitely I would choose to stand among the Japanese supporters. In fact, I think from now on I will support Japan. I will beg them to please let me be in their stand during future matches. No more big bellies, pie and chips for me. Pretty girls and polite guys from now on.
Releasing Anger – UK Hooliganism
But perhaps, there is a reason for this increase in violence. It is an expression of anger coming out. People are holding on to all sorts of emotions and stresses deep within. Instinctively, we know we are not free. Our emotions are also constantly stimulated – especially anger, blame, resentment and desire.
We see a world, that is becoming more unbalanced. For some, this outpouring of violence is a way of releasing it. It is the same principle as behind the Fight Club Movie. Aggression is a way of release.
When did it all start and Why?
Perhaps it is significant that the violence started appearing in England in the 1970s. Though the seeds must have been sown in the 1960s,
The 60s saw the beginning of the permissive society and a turning against traditional and conservative values. This meant people stopped caring about respect for others and self-dignity. Curiously, these are principles that underpin Confucianism, which I’ll discuss later. In short it was the beginning of Britain’s cultural revolution. And football hooliganism was an outgrowth of it.
This time period – the 1960s and 1970s must have been the turning point – when things started turning wrong in British society. Football is just one of the symptoms of a dis-functioning society. Not the cause. A social historian could fill in the detals.
It harms us all
But letting out anger is not the best way. That anger damages us all, especially the people doing it. It will not satisfy. It can not be satisfied.
But I get it. In a disfunctioning society, this violence is a natural reaction to an unbalanced world.
It is a way for people to release frustration and in some perverse way, it is probably keeping these people from going crazy or getting cancer.
The UK’s ONLY Export today – football hooliganism
The UK doesnt make anything to sell anymore. Well apart from some tanks and aircraft fighters which we sell to countries in the Middle East – for peaceful purposes I suppose…?
We don’t really make anything anymore. The few car brands left are owned by companies in other countries. Most things invented here are manufactured overseas. Usually in China.
So what’s left? Answer – Hooliganism.
Britain invented Football Hooliganism. And now we are spreading it around Europe the same way that American Self-Help gurus spread positive thinking and LOA (Law of Attraction) around the world (for a price).
YBHRH – Young British Holiday Resort Hooliganism
And even for those who don’t like Football, we have a non-football version of hooliganism called – “Young British Holiday Resort Hooliganism” (YBHRH for short).
This is where people go on holiday (Greece is a favourite destination), and carry out hooliganism – without any football involved.
It usually take the form of swarming resorts in excessive numbers, excessive drinking, being rude to the locals, having sex on the beach and leaving used condoms lying around for the fish to eat. Also destroying property, throwing furniture off hotel balconies and having lots and lots of alcohol fuelled fights, usually with other British people. Oh yes – and dropping lots and lots of vomit everywhere.
And just in case, you think I’m being sexist and unfairly picking on men. Here’s the way it is for women:
A typical night out for British holiday makers in the greek resort of Kovos
Picture Source: Why Corfu is calling time on British louts: Once a holiday island loved by families, its hotspots have been overrun by drunks. Now locals are cracking down and vowing to take it back upmarket. Mail Online.
“We’re British, We won the war, SO What?”
For too many years, British football hooligans got away with the most atrocious behaviour oversees and seemed above the law. Galloping and ravaging across Europe whenever the national team played abroad, holding towns and cities under siege. Excessive drunkenness, damage to property.
It has come about from a spoilt mentality. British people have an over-inflated sense of themselves. They think we are better than others. It is partly due to having an island mentality, but it also comes about, because for some dumb reason, our ancestors (not us) won the most recent Two World Wars, and we think that makes us better than everyone us.
It doesn’t. Our ancestors believed they were fighting for freedom and decency. Not for the right for mindless self-expression, decadence and violence. Our ancestors did not fight those wars, for this kind of behaviour in their descendants. It’s time to wake up.
One time in Amsterdam whilst participating in a training course, a waiter in a restaurant asked me and my friend which countries we were from? I told him I was from England and he said, “I don’t like the British”.
I just wonder what kind of encounters he must have had previously to have that opinion. I know Americans are used to that attitude since Bush, but the British?
This wasn’t meant as a direct insult against me personally. He meant that generally he found British people rude and arrogant. He’d had to deal with many of them as customers as lots of British people go holidaying in Amsterdam. And truthfully, I knew what he meant. I don’t like the British either. And I’m one of them. Contradictory, I know.
British people have more money than some of our European counterparts and love spending it, but they bring this arrogant attitude with them. The British have a bad reputation in Europe.
A history of marauding
For centuries, our ancestors have been sent abroad to fight in Europe. There were the Napoleonic Wars, where the army was made up of criminals – “the dregs of society”. No doubt they would have carried out some hooliganism. But then, the soldiers of the last two wars were a different breed – a more respectful group of men.
Here is General Montgomery. He was the most famous British general during the Second World War and considered a hero. Although, he is probably unknown today.
Take a look at his face. This is a man with a refined, gentlemanly, and intelligent face, along with a wistful smile. Yet, it is a face that would probably not be in control today. It does not reflect our times.
The British Gentleman myth?
Has it always been like this? Was this stereotype of the English gentleman ever true?
Yes actually, it probably was true. British people were once considered gentlemen. Here is evidence…
The famous English Novelist George Orwell observed in 1944:
“An imaginary foreign observer would certainly be struck by our gentleness; by the orderly behaviour of English crowds, the lack of pushing and quarrelling…and except for certain well-defined areas in half a dozen big towns, there is very little crime or violence”.
George Orwell, The Welfare State We’re In
Here is an image of British football supporters in the 1950s. They are well dressed, well behaved and orderly. Their good behaviour is not because they were more controlled. In fact, these people probably had a more independent mindset then people have today.
Picture Source: www.Londiston.com
Or this image of servicemen enjoying a match in 1943 (during the War). Again, note their reserved nature and also how they are wearing their clothes.
In the book ‘The Welfare State We’re In’, Professor Gorer gave an account of a crowd at a football match in 1935 between Bristol Rovers and Bristol City:
“In public life today, the English are certainly among the most peaceful, gentle, courteous and orderly populations that the civilised world has ever seen… You hardly ever see a fight in a bar (a not uncommon spectacle in most of the rest of Europe or the USA) … Football crowds are as orderly as church meetings”.
The Welfare State We’re In
Contrast that with this description of a football match between the same teams Bristol Rovers and Bristol City, more than 70 years later in an article in the Daily Star, 20th September 2013:
“SHAME-faced middle-aged yobs who brawled before a city derby match were scolded by a judge: “You should know better’.
“The violence broke out as the two sides met at City’s Ashton Gate ground before an evening game in September 2013… Judge Graham Hume Jones told the shame-faced defendants: “Some of you are aged 40 to 56 and should know better than to behave like this.
The court heard an aggressive atmosphere developed as around 200 home fans started gathering at a local pub, three hours before kick-off. A 500-strong group of Bristol Rovers fans then massed around 500m away at another pub and riot police were sent to keep them apart. A taxi pulled up outside the first pub with Rovers fans inside and was bombarded with glasses, bottles and bricks, and mounted police and dog teams were forced to move in. One officer was hit in the face with a pint glass and a second had a glass smashed over his helmet and visor.”
Consider also that these were middle-aged men, very likely with jobs and family. We’re not talking anarchists here or revolutionaries.
Strange how you get more passion at a football match riot then you ever did at an anti-war or anti-capitalism protest. Just think, 500 Bristol Rover hooligans probably have more impact than 1 million middle-class people walking into the centre of London to protest against the Iraq invasion.
Which shows you where the real power lies – as Orwell says – it lies in the proletariat. Except they’re too busy hypnotised by meaningless entertainment.
This is what British football supporters look like today
Actually, lets put these photos side by side:
Anyone else, think that maybe British society is in decline?
Perhaps you think it’s about class. Not so.
Football was always a sport favoured by the working class. The civilised looking people in the picture on the left – a lot of them (if not all) were likely working class.
In fact, they would have been poorer, had less opportunities and less comforts than their equivalent people today. But they clearly had more respect for others and more dignity. In fact, they probably had more respect for themselves.
It is not about class. It is about attitude. People today are more self-centered. They are more selfish. They belive that self-expression and letting it out is more important than respect for others.
This is why people back then could keep their clothes on in public. And why people today have to rip off their shirts even if they have big blubbery bellies. It is about showing off and over-expressing. These people don’t care that others may find their blubbery bellys offensive. Because more important is for them to overly self-express.
When you have a society like this, you have a society that is becoming more dumbed down. What’s it going to be like in 20 years time? Oh Lord save us.
We’ll probably be copulating on the stands and sacrificing goats during football matches.
Oh wait, it’s already starting to happen – Football Fans disgust after witnessing sex act in stands at Stoke City Match. Stoke Sentinal.co.uk:
A football fan was left disgusted after witnessing a sex act in the stands as Stoke City took on Sheffield Wednesday last weekend.
The mum-of-two took to social media to share her horror after turning around to witness a fellow fan perform a sex act on a man at Hillsborough.
But thankfully, we’re not sacrificing goats… Dogs yes (in Spain) – Spanish fan facing animal cruelty charge after throwing DOG at referee’. Evening Standard, – but not goats. Yet.
Police in Spain have arrested a football fan who threw a dog at a referee in protest at his decisions.
The unnamed hooligan snatched the animal from another supporter’s arms at a non-league match and hurled it at the official after he blew a foul against his side.
What can you say?
In 70 years, we see how a group of local football supporters changed from being “as orderly as a church meeting” to needing riot police to keep them apart.
As we can see, the British people were at one time more respectful and orderly even at something charged like a derby football match. Then since the 1970s, this started to break down and now fights, violence and foul language is commonplace. This change in football crowds is simply a reflection of a change in society as a whole.
So whats the solution? I have two possible solutions…
1st option – Bring in the Burka
The West seems to have a problem with the burka – the Islamic black dress that covers most areas of the body.
I think we should allow it. Except it is not the women that should wear them. It is male football supporters. Here’s my reasoning..
There seems to be a connection between Football Hooliganism and taking your clothes off. Therefore, if we prevent football supporters from removing their clothes, we can maybe stop their violent impulses.
So, let’s make them wear Burkas. It will also be less painful on the eyes.
Heres my evidence:
2nd option – Confucianism
If you don’t like the Burka idea, than how about something radical. Why don’t we introduce the principles and culture of Chinese Confucianism to rescue our broken British society?
Why not? Surely it is better than stepping over footpaths full of Sunday morning vomit and debris after match day.
A society that operates on respect
Japan, China and Korea are relatively collectivist societies where harmony and relationships between people are placed more importantly that the rights of the individual, regardless of how they may impact on others around them.
In Japan, the concept of ‘Wa’ or harmony, particular in maintaining harmony between yourself and others is seen as especially important. Another aspect of harmony and order is that of respect for hierarchy, respect for the family and respect for the community.
Confucius and Confucianism
One of the philosophies that has influenced the development of these types of societies is Confucianism, a philosophy of life based on the teachings of Confucius, a Chinese philosopher who lived around 552BC to 479BC, who travelled throughout China with a small group of disciples. His group underwent many hardships in their travels in order to spread his teachings designed to improve the society they lived in.
Confucianism is not so much a religion as a set of ethical principles that emphasis respect for the family, the elders, societal obligations and rules of courtesy particularly between rulers and subject, community members, husband and wife and between parents and children. Some key concepts are the adherence of rituals, virtuous example, self-cultivation, gentlemanly behaviour and becoming a learned man.
I have summarized some of Confucius’s teachings taken from the book of his teaching, The Analects:
On daily self-improvement:
“Zengzi said, every day I examine myself on three points. When I worked to benefit someone else, did I do my best? In my relationships with my friends, did I fail to be trustworthy? Did I pass on any knowledge I myself had not put into practice?”
On gentlemanly behaviour:
“There are nine things the gentleman gives thought to: he aims to be clear in vision, keen in hearing, amicable in his expression, courteous in his manners, conscientious in carrying out his words, and respectful in attending to his responsibilities; and when he is in doubt, he asks questions; when he is angry, he reflects on the unwanted consequences this could cause; when he sees a chance for gain, he asks whether it is right”.
“A gentleman does not try to stuff himself when he eats and is not worried about the comfort of his dwelling. He is anxious about getting things done and careful about what he says. He gravitates towards those who possess moral integrity because he wants to put himself right. One could say that he is someone who loves learning”.
“The gentleman makes plans to realize the Way; he does not make plans to secure food. If you decide to till the field, there will still be time when you go hungry. If you decide to devote yourself to learning, there will be times when you may receive an official stipend (for putting your knowledge to work). The Gentleman worries about the Way. He does not worry about being poor”
There are some common themes that come up in these quotes. One is the importance on emphasizing internal personal qualities like integrity, work, knowledge and manners.
In our current age, there has been a great emphasis on material gains – wardrobes full of clothes, new cars bought on credit, the buying of houses, which has led to property bubbles and unaffordable housing throughout the Western world, rich food, which has led to obesity and poor health, even money, which has led to one of the greatest economic crashes in the last one hundred years.
In a way, it could be said we have focused too much on the yang (external wants and possessions) and neglected the yin (internal qualities and our internal state). We do need a certain degree of security and comfort. Our basic needs must be met, but we mustn’t forget to consider the development of our internal qualities.
On relationship between the parent and child:
“A youngster should be filial to his parents when he is at home and respectful to his elders when he is away from his home. He should be prudent in action and trustworthy in words”.
References: Confucius: The Analects
Respect for society, the community and for our elders must be cultivated at an early age, otherwise, the result is that selfish behavior may take hold. Discipline and firm boundaries are a part of this.
In the modern West, especially the UK, children are spoilt and discipline is ineffective and non-existent.
The result is that we often read news articles such as ‘four in ten teachers attacked by pupils’ – giving examples of how teachers in schools are getting “stabbed in the head with pencils”, “sprayed in the face with deodorant”, having furniture thrown at them, “being pushed, shoved, hit, and spat at”, as well as receiving regular verbal abuse (BBC 2016).
Or that ‘Fifty pupils are suspended for attacking teachers every day’ with teachers even being murdered by children whilst at school, (The Daily Mail 2015). Sucks to be a teacher in the UK these days.
Sadly, such stories are not unusual in modern-day Britain. Liberalisation as well as the destruction of traditional values is at the heart of these behaviors. We do children a great dis-service by training them to be spoilt, poorly educated and potential future criminals.
Respect for the society we live in
In short, Confucianism is about respect for the family, for society, and contributing and becoming a useful member. It works both ways. Adults must respect children and guide them wisely into adulthood as well as setting firm boundaries. Children must respect their elders and learn discipline, the meaning of work and of contributing to society.
Of course, this is not always the case. Some parents are undeserving of respect. Also, there is a time, when children must break from parents and find their own way.
The principles of Confucianism underpin all traditional stable societies. Whenever a society breaks against tradition that holds its society together, it risks anarchy and collapse.
The Genki Self Health Guide
This books expands on themes and extracts in my book – The Genki Self health Guide: Improve your Body and Mind with Traditional Oriental Medicine. Available on Amazon.
Daily Mail Online. 14th June 2016. Thomas Burrows. Revealed: Russian thugs’ training ground where ‘Ultra’s were made to line up and attack each other to select the ‘best’ 150 to send to Euro 2016. Accessed – March 2nd 2019
Nottingham Forest Fans ‘fight over last pie’ at half time during defeat to Leeds’. The Mirror. Alex Smith. 27th August 2017. Accessed 2nd March 2019
Football Fans disgust after witnessing sex act in stands at Stoke City Match. Stoke Sentinal.co.uk. Hayley Parker. 18th September 2018. Accessed 2nd March 2019
Spanish fan facing animal cruelty charge after throwing DOG at referee’. Evening Standard. 12th February 2014. Gerald Couzens. Accessed 2nd March 2019.
British football fans begin their own Brexit as 200,000 flock to Euro 2016 for Home Nations ties. The Mirror. Paul Byrne, Martin Fricker. 23rd June 2016. Accessed 2nd March 2019.
London football Grounds Through the Years – www.Londonist.com
England fans are targeted by Belgian thugs while celebrating their 2-1 win over Wales as three Russian ‘ultras’ are jailed for up to two years in France. Mail Online. 19th June 2016. Thomas Burrows. Accessed 2nd March 2019.
Why Corfu is calling time on British louts: Once a holiday island loved by families, its hotspots have been overrun by drunks. Now locals are cracking down and vowing to take it back upmarket. Mail Online. August 10th 2017. Neil Tweedie. Accessed 2nd March 2019
Derby match violence: middle-aged family footy hooligans ‘You should know better’. Daily Star Sunday. 20th February 2015. Accessed 2nd March 2017
Exclusive: Famous fan Beefy’s too fat to watch favourite team play. Daily Star Sunday. 6th September 2015. David Paul. Accessed 2nd March 2019
Bad Blood: Russian football hooligans warn England fans ‘prepare to DIE’ ahead of the World Cup 2018. The Sun. Patrick Knox. 9th April 2018. Accessed 2nd March 2019
The rise of Russia’s neo-Nazi football hooligans. The Guardian. 24th April 2018. Simon Parkin. Accessed 2nd March 2019.
Football’s Golden Years: The people that help to make the game – From Wembley to The Kop, from the Stretford End to Colchester … and even a famous World Cup final, too. Mail Online. Nick Metcalfe. 23rd January 2013, Accessed 2nd March 2019
The Welfare State We’re In. James Bartholomew. Biteback Publishing 2013.
Police on hunt for 100 missing football hooligans ahead of World Cup kick off. The Mirror. 9th June 2018. Dan Warburton. Accessed 2nd March 2019.
Aston Villa football hooligan ‘removed head from corpse’ for sick BET, shocking new book reveals. The Mirror. 26th March 2016. Jeanette Oldham. Accessed 2nd March 2019.
Japanese fans STILL clean up the stadium after their match…. despite the heartbreak of seeing their side lose 3-2 in the last minute. Mail Online. George Martin. 3rd July 2018. Accessed 2nd March 2019.
Japanese fans clean up stadium after World Cup victory and inspire other nations to follow suit. The Telegraph. 20 June 2018. Mark Molloy. Accessed 3rd March 2019.
Four in 10 teachers ‘attacked by pupils’ BBC News. 26th January 2016. Hannah Richardson. Accessed 3rd March 2019
Fifty pupils are suspended for attacking teachers every day – with 11,000 PRIMARY SCHOOL youngsters kicked out of class for assault last year. Mail Online. 30th July 2015. Keiligh Baker. Accessed 3rd March 2019
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